I volunteered for the Women’s Royal Naval Service when I turned 17. I didn’t have to join up, but I had a dread of being packed off to the Land Army – I’m a city girl!
“They clearly had D-Day in mind.”
My formal education had finished at 13, because of the Blitz, which was a scary and unsettling time. I’d become a switchboard operator a few years later, and I loved the idea of joining the Wrens.
When they found out what I’d been trained to do by the General Post Office, they pounced on it. This was February 1944; they clearly had D-Day in mind, and a switchboard operator was a very useful asset for them.
To the tunnels in Portsmouth
After my two-week probationary period I formally became a Wren and was posted immediately to Portsmouth, which by that time was officially designated SHAEF: Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force.
“The only way to access it was by going down three hundred and fifty steps – all of which had to be climbed up to get back out again.”
I was to report for duty in Fort Southwick, a mass of tunnels dug into the cliffs earlier in the war and, by then, used as the communications ‘nerve centre’ in the build-up to the invasion of mainland Europe. The only way to access it was by going down three hundred and fifty steps – all of which had to be climbed up to get back out again!
Marie in 1944 on HMS Victory.
My shift was 48 hours on duty (there were bunk rooms down there), then 24 hours off. I was on the main switchboard, which was continuously busy.
“It was just one of those things that I happened to be on duty on D-Day itself.”
The fort was spartan – it was very basic, but about a dozen of us Wrens were lucky enough to be quartered when above ground in the most beautiful country house just outside Fareham, with a walled garden and an orchard – where I tasted my first ever nectarine! It was a very different world to bombed-out south London.
The main switchboard underground in the tunnels at Fort Southwick.
The dockyard was positively buzzing. Just before D-Day, of course, there was a whole armada out there. We knew something was happening, something major, but I can’t remember if we were ever given any details. So it was just one of those things that I happened to be on duty on D-Day itself.
“When they threw their switches and relayed their messages, I heard loud, sustained gunfire.”
Previously, I had been summoned for special training on a new piece of equipment, a VHF set (the letters stood for Very High Frequency). It was a one-way system: you’d throw a switch and pass a message; when you’d finished, the recipient could do the same and pass a message back to you.
On 6 June, using my VHF set, I was told – or perhaps I just realised – that I was putting messages directly through to the commanders on the French beaches. I threw the switch and relayed the first one… and when they threw theirs, and relayed their messages, I heard loud, sustained gunfire. I could hear it very clearly, and I was terrified. It brought it home to me that this was a war, and men were dying. I’d known we were fighting, of course, but you were suddenly aware of the awful horror of it.
“Although I knew I’d witnessed something big, I had no idea it would be so historic.”
To begin with, the newspapers were very cautious, because we had sustained such terrible losses. But once there was a foothold, and we managed to get into France a little more, then the tone became more optimistic. I was 17, and although I knew I’d witnessed something big, I had no idea it would be so historic.
King George VI in the Ops room at Fort Southwick.
It was a couple of months later that King George VI came down to review us. I have a very clear memory of us marching past him for the salute. The fort was mixed services, including ATS and WAAF girls (Auxiliary Territorial Service and Women's Auxiliary Air Force). They had to march every day – that was all part of their routine – whereas us Wrens didn’t, so our marching wasn’t a patch on theirs!
King George VI salutes the march-past by the Wrens.
Since being demobbed, and for quite a few years afterwards, I marched at the Cenotaph. I’m too old for that now, but I’m honoured to be able to lay the wreath at Kingston-upon-Thames.
And sometimes my mind does go back to Fort Southwick, and I remember thinking that when I heard the gunfire, I was a minute part of that momentous day, which still gives me a feeling of immense pride.
D DAY 75
June 6th 2019 marks the 75th anniversary of The D-Day Landings – one of the most remarkable Allied wartime operations. We are working with the UK Government and other stakeholders to plan significant commemorations to mark D-Day 75, both in Normandy and across the United Kingdom.